Codrington Lagoon National Park

The Codrington Lagoon National Park is a vibrant wildlife sanctuary and an impressive natural landscape in Antigua and Barbuda. It spans the majority of the island of Barbuda and is known for its incredible biodiversity and its spectacular saltwater lagoon. This article invites you to explore the history, nature, and adventure opportunities that await you in this splendid National Park.

History of Codrington Lagoon

Codrington Lagoon National Park


Although its designation as a National Park is relatively recent, the history of Codrington Lagoon dates back thousands of years. The first inhabitants of Barbuda utilized the resources of the lagoon and its surroundings, laying the foundations for the rich biodiversity we know today.

Designation as a National Park

The area of Codrington Lagoon was officially declared a National Park in the 1980s. Since then, it has become a significant focus of research, conservation, and ecotourism.

Historical and Cultural Importance

Codrington Lagoon is named after the Codrington family, who managed the island of Barbuda during the colonial period. Today, the lagoon and its surroundings hold great cultural importance for the people of Barbuda, hosting diverse traditions and practices passed down from generation to generation.

Geography and Natural Features

Location and Size

The Codrington Lagoon National Park is located in the western part of Barbuda, the smallest island in the country of Antigua and Barbuda. The lagoon itself is one of the largest and best-preserved in the Caribbean.

Geological and Climatic Characteristics

The park is characterized by its saltwater lagoon, a result of the interaction between geological forces and the tropical climate of the region. The warm, saline waters of the lagoon, along with the surrounding mangroves, create an unusually productive and biodiverse ecosystem.

The Lagoon: A Unique Ecosystem

Codrington Lagoon is an ecological gem, home to a wide variety of wildlife. Here, you can find everything from a diverse range of migratory birds to an impressive population of rays and sharks, and other reef fish.

Flora and Fauna of Codrington Lagoon

Flora of the Park

Codrington Lagoon National Park boasts a diversity of vegetation adapted to the salinity and climate of the region. Mangroves are a vital part of this ecosystem, providing shelter and food to a variety of wildlife and playing a crucial role in coastal protection.

Bird Species

The park is a paradise for birdwatchers, with the lagoon serving as an important nesting and feeding site for numerous migratory bird species. Notably, the colony of frigatebirds, one of the largest in the world, gathers here during the nesting season.

Marine Life in the Lagoon

The lagoon is home to rich marine life, including reef fish, rays, and nurse sharks. The healthy and well-preserved ecosystem of the lagoon is essential for the survival of these species.

Activities in Codrington Lagoon National Park

Hiking and Exploration

Codrington Lagoon National Park offers a variety of trails that allow you to explore the unique landscape and biodiversity of the island. Observe the variety of plants and animals as you venture through the park.


Birdwatching is one of the main attractions in Codrington Lagoon. Don’t miss the opportunity to see the majestic frigatebirds in full flight or the rare chance to observe pink flamingos in their natural habitat.

Water Activities

The lagoon is the perfect place for water activities such as snorkeling and kayaking, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the natural beauty of the area.

Conservation and Environmental Challenges

Conservation Efforts

Codrington Lagoon National Park is a protected area, which means constant efforts are made to preserve its biodiversity and natural beauty. These efforts include habitat protection, species conservation, and environmental education.

Current Threats and Challenges

Despite these efforts, the park faces significant challenges, including climate change, pollution, and overfishing. Visitors are encouraged to participate in the park’s conservation by reducing their impact and contributing to its protection.

Visiting Codrington Lagoon National Park

How to Get There

You can reach Barbuda from the main island of Antigua via a daily ferry or a short flight. Once in Barbuda, Codrington Lagoon National Park is a short drive or bike ride away from the village of Codrington.

Tips for Visitors

Remember to bring sunscreen, water, and a good pair of binoculars for birdwatching. Always respect the park rules and leave only footprints and take only memories.

Accommodation and Nearby Services

There are several accommodation options in and near the village of Codrington, ranging from luxury hotels to local guesthouses. You will also find restaurants and shops where you can try delicious local food and buy authentic Barbudan crafts.

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