La Amistad International Park

Costa Rica and Panama, renowned for their rich biodiversity and dedication to environmental conservation, host a natural jewel known as La Amistad International Park (in Spanish: Parque Nacional La Amistad). This park, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, stands as a testament to the cross-border collaboration between both countries for the preservation of wildlife and pristine ecosystems. It is a must-visit destination, boasting an extensive area of tropical forests and towering mountains teeming with flora and mighty fauna. Immerse yourself in this guide and get ready for your jungle adventure!

La Amistad International Park

La Amistad International Park Data

Location and Size

Located in the province of Bocas del Toro and the Ngäbe-Buglé Comarca, this park extends over more than 401,000 hectares and stretches to the border with Costa Rica, where there are practically inaccessible 193,929 hectares, making it the largest park in Costa Rica and one of the largest in Central America. The part of the park situated in Panama is more easily accessible, although still quite challenging (207,000 hectares). A significant portion of the protected area remains unexplored, located in the provinces of Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí, and the Naso Tjër Di comarca.

Geographical Coordinates

Situated between 9° and 10° north latitude and 82° and 83° west longitude, La Amistad is a mountainous park that spans across the Talamanca Mountain Range. This park houses the highest elevation in the region, Cerro Kamuk, at 3,549 meters above sea level.

How to Get There

Access to the park can be challenging due to its remote location and mountainous terrain. However, there are several routes to access it from San José and Limón, and it is also reachable by private vehicle, public transportation, or organized tours. It is advisable to use 4×4 vehicles due to road conditions.


Establishment of the Park

La Amistad International Park (PILA) was established on September 6, 1988, in Panama, and in 1982 in Costa Rica, as a binational protected area, shared by the two Central American countries, uniting them in the conservation of the biodiversity of the Talamanca Mountain Range and promoting peace and cooperation between the two nations.

Significance of its Name "La Amistad"

The name "La Amistad" represents the unity and collaboration between Costa Ricans and Panamanians in preserving this natural treasure. Despite the differences between the two countries, joint efforts have been established through the Binational Technical Unit (UTEB) of PILA to manage the park comprehensively.

UNESCO Recognition

In 1990, the park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its rich biological and cultural diversity.
PILA has received recognition at national and international levels. In 1982, UNESCO designated it as a core area of the La Amistad Biosphere Reserve, and the following year, it was declared a World Heritage Site due to its diversity of ecosystems. Additionally, it houses important water bodies, such as the Talamanca Peatlands, which have been protected as Ramsar Sites since 2003.

Changes and Impacts Over Time

Since its establishment, the park has faced various challenges, including deforestation and climate change, but it has also seen significant improvements in conservation and sustainable management.

Geographical and Climatic Features

La Amistad National Park is known for its rugged topography, diverse climate, and numerous rivers and waterfalls. It is one of the areas with the highest precipitation in Costa Rica, and its altitudinal variation provides unparalleled climatic diversity.


The topography of La Amistad International Park is mountainous, with numerous rivers and waterfalls. The park is located in the Talamanca Mountain Range, which is the most important mountain system in Costa Rica and Panama.


The climate in the park is highly variable, depending on the altitude. In higher areas, the climate is cold and humid, while in lower areas, it is warmer and humid. Visitors should be prepared for unpredictable weather conditions.


La Amistad is home to a large number of rivers and streams, including part of the Térraba River basin. Mountain rivers and numerous waterfalls add to the natural beauty and biodiversity of the park.


La Amistad Park is a biodiversity reserve, home to a multitude of species of fauna and flora, many of which are endemic to the region.


The park is home to a wide variety of animals, including over 600 species of birds, 215 of mammals, and numerous species of reptiles and amphibians. The diversity of wildlife is simply astounding.

Notable Plant Species

The park hosts a wide variety of tropical flora, including orchids, bromeliads, and hardwood trees such as oak and cedar.


In terms of vegetation, La Amistad International Park is equally impressive. From rainforests to cloud forests, the variety of vegetation and trees is astonishing. In some areas, the park also features wonderful examples of páramo, a type of tropical mountain ecosystem.

Native Animal Species

The fauna is equally diverse, with species such as jaguars, pumas, howler monkeys, capuchins, and an impressive variety of birds, such as the resplendent quetzal.

Endemic and Endangered Species

The park serves as a refuge for numerous endemic and endangered species, highlighting its importance as a crucial conservation area.

Tourist Activities and Excursions

Main Trails and Trekking Routes

Hiking and trekking routes are a popular way to explore the park, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the natural beauty and biodiversity of the area. From easy walks to challenging mountain peaks.
There are several trails within the park that vary in difficulty. The most popular trails include the El Quetzal Trail and the Cerro Kamuk Trail. These trails offer breathtaking views and the opportunity to observe wildlife in its natural habitat.

Bird Watching and Wildlife Photography

Bird watching and wildlife observation are standout activities, with opportunities to spot everything from monkeys and pumas to a multitude of bird species that will make for incredible photographs. It is also possible to arrange guided tours through the park with knowledgeable local guides.

Indigenous Cultural Experiences

The park also offers the opportunity to interact with local indigenous communities and learn about their traditions and way of life.

Events and Festivals

The park sometimes hosts events and festivals, such as the International Friendship Festival (FIA), which celebrates the culture and history of the region.

Other Areas to Visit: What to See

Some of the most popular areas to visit include the Valle del Silencio, the Río Coen Basin, and the El Ceibo Trail. Each of these areas offers a unique and wonderful experience.

Tips for Planning Your Visit

Best Time to Visit the Park

The best time to visit La Amistad International Park is during the dry season, which usually extends from December to April.

Opening Hours

The park is open to the public year-round, but specific hours may vary depending on the season. It is recommended to check the opening hours before the visit.

Available Services

La Amistad International Park offers a variety of services for visitors, including picnic areas, restroom facilities, and camping areas. Visitors are advised to bring their own equipment and provisions as facilities are limited.

What to Bring for a Park Visit

For a visit to La Amistad International Park, it is recommended to bring the following:

  • Comfortable and sturdy clothing suitable for tropical climates and hiking.
  • Waterproof and durable footwear, such as trekking boots.
  • Sunscreen, insect repellent, and a hat to protect yourself from the sun.
  • A backpack with drinking water, light and nutritious food, and snacks.
  • Binoculars and a camera to capture the natural beauty and wildlife.
  • Rain gear and a waterproof layer in case of sudden showers.
  • Maps, guides, and other informational materials about the park.
  • Personal hygiene items and necessary medications.
  • Respect for nature and the park’s conservation rules.
  • Remember that it is important to travel responsibly and leave the park as you found it, protecting its natural beauty and the wildlife that inhabits it.

Rules and Regulations

The park’s rules and regulations are designed to protect the natural environment and ensure the safety of visitors. These include respecting wildlife, staying on marked trails, and carrying all waste out of the park.

Visitor Safety Information

Safety is a priority, and visitors should be prepared for jungle conditions, including wearing appropriate clothing and gear.

Impact and Contribution to Sustainable Development and Conservation

Conservation Initiatives and Their Impact

La Amistad International Park has implemented various conservation initiatives, such as reforestation programs, species monitoring, and control of illegal activities. These initiatives have had a positive impact on biodiversity protection and ecosystem preservation within the park.

Participation and Roles of Local Communities

Local communities play a crucial role in the conservation of La Amistad Park. They have actively participated in park management and administration, promoting sustainable practices, and preserving their traditional knowledge about flora and fauna. Their involvement strengthens the protection of natural resources and contributes to the sustainable development of the region.

Education and Awareness about Biodiversity

The park has developed educational programs and awareness activities to foster understanding and appreciation for biodiversity. These initiatives include workshops, trainings, and outreach activities aimed at both visitors and local communities. Education and awareness are essential to promote long-term conservation and informed decision-making about the environment.

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