Benito Juárez National Park

Located in the southern mountains of Mexico, Benito Juárez National Park (in Spanish: Parque Nacional Benito Juárez) is a mighty testament to the untouched Mexican nature, rich in biodiversity and enveloped in history and culture. Its name honors the famous Mexican leader Benito Juárez, whose legacy remains a source of inspiration to this day.

Geographical Location

Situated in the state of Oaxaca, in the municipalities of Oaxaca de Juarez, San Andres Huayapam, Tlalixtac de Cabrera, the park offers a varied mountainous terrain, from gentle slopes to towering summits, with panoramic views of indescribable beauty.

History and Name of Benito Juárez National Park

The park was established on December 30, 1937, and its name pays tribute to Benito Juárez, one of Mexico’s most iconic leaders and a native of Oaxaca. Its area spans 2,591.51 hectares.

Benito Juárez National Park

Natural Features


The park enjoys a temperate climate for much of the year, making it an ideal destination for those seeking to escape the summer heat or enjoy the vibrant colors of autumn.

Topography and Geology

The area is dominated by tall mountains and deep valleys, with fascinating geology that bears witness to the mighty tectonic processes that have shaped the region.

Flora and Fauna

The park hosts a wide diversity of wildlife and plants, many of which are endemic species found nowhere else in the world.

Within Benito Juárez National Park, various wild mammals can be found, although they are elusive and primarily nocturnal. The burrows of tuco-tucos and the quills of porcupines are often seen, but observing them during the day is uncommon. Some mammal species found in the park include opossums, squirrels, deer, wild boars, and possibly coyotes. Pumas and jaguars are no longer present in the park on a regular basis.

In contrast, domestic mammals such as cows, donkeys, goats, sheep, and horses that graze on the hillside are more frequently spotted. There are also herds of horses and wild dogs that have escaped.

The reserve is home to a wide variety of birds, some of which are resident while others are migratory, coming from the United States, Canada, and northern Mexico. During winter, migratory birds can be found in the reserve, such as the Mexican Trogon, vultures, common caracaras, and roadrunners, depending on the altitude and vegetation of the area.

Several species of snakes inhabit the park, most of which are harmless. However, caution is advised as venomous species like rattlesnakes and coral snakes can also be found.

Additionally, lizards and toads inhabit the park, while in the rivers, fish, frogs, and crabs are sometimes observed.

In the higher areas of the hill, black beetles are bred and descend to the valley in the months of June or August. It is common to see their offspring, known as "blind hens," among the leaves or on the park’s trails.

Cultural Heritage

Indigenous Influence and Pre-Hispanic Heritage

The park is steeped in rich indigenous and pre-Hispanic history, with several areas showcasing ancient constructions and artifacts dating back hundreds of years.

Importance During the Colonial Era

Furthermore, the park played a significant role during the colonial era, serving as a transit and trade hub for Spanish colonizers.

Activities and Attractions

Hiking and Trekking

The park features an extensive network of trails that venture into the heart of nature, ideal for excursions and hikes.

Wildlife Observation

Birdwatching and wildlife observation are popular activities among visitors. The park’s rich biodiversity ensures an unforgettable experience for nature and animal enthusiasts.

Landscape and Nature Photography

The park’s natural beauty provides exceptional opportunities for photography of landscapes and wildlife, from panoramic views to detailed close-ups of flora and fauna.

Environmental Education Activities

The park offers educational programs that promote nature conservation and the importance of biodiversity.

Services and Facilities

Visitor Center

The visitor center provides useful information about the park, trails, and various available activities. Here, you can also find maps and informational brochures.

Lodging and Camping Areas

The park offers camping areas, and there are also a variety of nearby accommodations to suit all budgets and preferences.

Visitor Regulations and Recommendations

Respecting the park’s rules is important to ensure the safety and enjoyment of all visitors, as well as the conservation of the environment.

Conservation and Sustainability

Threats to Biodiversity

Despite its beauty and diversity, the park faces several threats, including deforestation and climate change, which endanger its rich biodiversity.

Conservation Efforts

Various ongoing efforts exist to protect and conserve the park, ranging from reforestation programs to environmental education and sustainable tourism.

Community Involvement and Education

The local community plays a vital role in the protection and conservation of the park, and there are several opportunities for visitors to learn about these efforts and participate in them.

How to Get There

Access by Road

The park is accessible by road from various nearby cities, including Oaxaca de Juárez.

Public Transportation and Organized Tours

Public transportation services are also available, and organized tours offer guided visits to the park.

Practical Information

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit the park is during the summer and autumn months when the weather is mild, and the colors of nature are at their peak.

Tips for Your Visit

It’s important to wear appropriate clothing and footwear for hiking, as well as to bring water and sunscreen. Always follow the instructions and recommendations of the park rangers and remember to leave only footprints and take only memories.

Photo Gallery