Camino de Cruces National Park

Immerse yourself in a captivating journey to the Camino de Cruces National Park (in Spanish: Parque Nacional Camino de Cruces), a destination for ecotourists seeking Panamanian nature and history. This guide will lead you through lush rainforests, incredible biodiversity, and historic trails that have withstood the test of time.

Information about Camino de Cruces National Park

Camino de Cruces National Park


Situated between Panama City and Panama West Province, the Camino de Cruces National Park covers an impressive territory of 4,950 hectares.

History and Declaration as a National Park

Designated as a National Park in 1992, the area is a recognized UNESCO World Heritage Site and an emblem of Panama’s rich history and incredible biodiversity. It has a protected area of 4,000 hectares, with its geographical coordinates being 9°01′52″N 79°35′38″W / 9.0311, -79.5939.

Park Climate

The climate in Camino de Cruces is tropical, with a dry season from December to April and a rainy season from May to November. During the rainy season, the climate is rainy tropical, accompanied by Caribbean winds, which promote abundant vegetation in the area.

Physical Characteristics of the Park

Geographical Description

The park is an extension of humid tropical rainforest with elevations ranging from 30 to 150 meters above sea level. The climate is tropical, characterized by a dry season from December to April and a rainy season from May to November.

Present Ecosystems

The park harbors a diversity of ecosystems, including humid tropical forests, mangroves, and wetlands, each with its own rich diversity of flora and fauna.

Hydrological Importance

The park is essential for water regulation in the region, protecting river basins and providing water for Panama City and the operation of the Panama Canal.

Flora and Fauna of Camino de Cruces National Park

Endemic Species

The park is home to a rich variety of endemic species, including the Panamanian golden frog and the jaguar. This unique diversity makes this park an indispensable site for conservation.


The park’s flora is lush, with plant species such as oak, epiphytes, tree ferns, and reed beds. Also visible are sweet cedar, cipresillo, jaul, white oak, encino oak, and tirrá, among others.

Diversity of Birds

As a true paradise for birdwatchers, the park boasts an impressive variety of birds, from toucans and quetzals to a multitude of migratory species. Macaws, parrots, guans, hawks, and flower-visiting birds stand out.


In addition to the diversity of birds and endemic species, the park is home to other notable animals such as sloths, howler monkeys, and a variety of reptiles and amphibians. The fauna is diverse and abundant, with notable examples of reptiles such as the green iguana, verrugosa snake, bejuco, vipers, and caimans. There is also a rich presence of insects, especially butterflies. Moreover, monkeys like the titi are also part of the wildlife in this fascinating park.

The Royal Road and Camino de Cruces: Historic Trails

Historical Importance

These routes, dating back to the Spanish colonial period, were vital for transporting gold and other goods. Today, these trails represent a fascinating window into Panamanian history.

Description of the Trails

The Royal Road and Camino de Cruces are hiking routes that traverse the park, offering visitors the opportunity to explore both the nature and history of the area.

Archaeological Evidence in the Park

The park contains numerous archaeological sites, including remains of bridges and stone causeways that were part of ancient trade routes.

Activities and Tourist Attractions

Hiking and Trekking

With a series of well-maintained trails that traverse diverse ecosystems, the park is a privileged destination for hikers and nature enthusiasts.

Bird and Wildlife Observation

The abundant wildlife of the park offers unparalleled opportunities for observing birds and animals in their natural habitat.

Archaeological Sites of Interest

Visitors can explore the historical remains of colonial trade routes and gain a unique insight into the rich history of the region.

Nature Photography

With its impressive biodiversity and natural landscapes, the park is a perfect location for nature photography.

Conservation and Threats

Conservation Status

Despite current threats, significant efforts are being made for the conservation of the park and its biodiversity.

Endangered Species

The park is a refuge for several endangered species, such as the jaguar, Baird’s tapir, and the harpy eagle. Ongoing efforts are in place to protect and preserve these vulnerable species.

Threats and Challenges

Threats to the park’s conservation include illegal logging, poaching, and increasing urban development around the park. It is vital to work together to overcome these challenges and ensure the preservation of the park for future generations.

Planning Your Visit

Getting There

The park is a short drive from Panama City and is easily accessible by car or public transportation.

Best Time to Visit

Although the park is open year-round, the best time to visit is during the dry season, from December to April. However, nature enthusiasts can enjoy the lush vegetation during the rainy season.

Visitor Recommendations

Remember to wear appropriate clothing and footwear, sunscreen, and carry enough water. It’s also advisable to hire a local guide to make the most of your visit and ensure you respect the park’s conservation regulations.

Research and Education in Camino de Cruces National Park

Ongoing Research Programs

Several academic institutions and conservation organizations conduct research in the park, contributing to our understanding of the region’s biodiversity and ecology.

Environmental Education Programs

The park offers educational programs for visitors of all ages, with the goal of promoting environmental awareness and appreciation for Panama’s nature and history.

Photo Gallery