Soberanía National Park

Located in the country of Panama, the Soberanía National Park (in Spanish: Parque Nacional Soberanía) is the protected area with vast natural resources and splendid biodiversity. Its incredible landscape, waterways, and trails provide everything needed for an unforgettable visit.

National Park Information

Soberanía National Park

History and Establishment of the Park

Established on May 27, 1980, Soberanía National Park stands as a bastion of ecological preservation in Panama. Encompassing an area of 19,545 hectares, it serves as home to a great variety of species.

Soberanía was created under the name "Parque Nacional Soberanía" in Spanish and holds significant historical and cultural value due to the Camino Real de Cruces, an ancient paved road that connected the Atlantic to the Pacific and traverses the park from east to west. This road was used during colonial times to transport goods and treasures. The park also houses the remains of the Venta de Cruces village, which served as a resting point for travelers and adventurers journeying along the road.

Climate of Soberanía

With a warm climate throughout the year, temperatures range between 30°C in June and 32°C in January. The rainiest months are November, December, and September.


Located in the provinces of Panama and Colón, this park is an easily accessible destination for those seeking a nature getaway from Panama City. It stretches along the eastern bank of the Panama Canal, nourished by its watershed. Its geographical coordinates are: 9°04′27″N 79°39′35″W / 9.0742977, -79.6598053.

Getting There

Just 25 kilometers from Panama City, the park boasts a privileged location for both local and foreign tourists.

  • By Car: It takes about 35 minutes from the center of Panama City, while from Tocumen International Airport, it will take around 50 minutes.
  • Panama Bus Tour: One of the most recommended options is to join a tour from Panama City. These tours already include transportation and a guide during the visit.
  • Bus: Take the bus from Panama City to the town of Gamboa, which is the closest to the national park.
  • By Taxi: Specify that you want to go to Soberanía National Park. It’s the most expensive option but also one that allows you to arrive in less time.

Flora and Fauna

The region where the park is located is renowned for its unique biodiversity. It provides a home to a multitude of plant and animal species, some of which are endemic to the area.

Endemic Species of the Park

Soberanía National Park harbors a variety of endemic species, including the iconic resplendent quetzal and the rare golden frog of Panama.

Importance of Park Biodiversity

The great biodiversity of the park is crucial for ecosystem balance, and its conservation is essential for maintaining the health of the planet.

Main Attractions

The park is famous for its trails, such as the Plantation Trail and the Pipeline Road. Lake Gatun is another must-see attraction, and bird enthusiasts will delight in the Bird Observatory.

Plantation Trail

The Plantation Trail is a historic path that offers the opportunity to explore dense jungle and observe a wide range of fauna and flora.

Pipeline Road

The Pipeline Road is renowned as one of the best birdwatching spots in the world, with the possibility of seeing over 400 different species in a single day.

Lake Gatún

Lake Gatun, part of the famous Panama Canal, provides the opportunity to experience incredible aquatic life diversity and waterbirds.

Bird Observatory

The bird observatory is a key point of interest for bird enthusiasts, with species ranging from the small toucan to the mighty harpy eagle.

Visitor Activities

The available activities for visitors are diverse, ranging from hiking and birdwatching to nature photography and educational guided tours.


The trails of Soberanía National Park are a paradise for hikers, offering a mix of difficulty levels and the opportunity to explore the park’s rich biodiversity. The most well-known and frequented routes are as follows:

  1. Pipeline Trail Route: This route will take you along the old pipeline that used to transport oil through the park. It’s a relatively easy and flat hike, suitable for beginners. During the journey, you’ll be able to appreciate the lush tropical vegetation and listen to the sounds of local wildlife. The trail offers beautiful panoramic views and the chance to observe birds and other animals in their natural habitat.
  2. Los Cruces Trail Route: This route is a bit more challenging and will provide you with a more intense hiking experience. The trail follows the historic Camino Real de Cruces, which was used during colonial times for transporting goods. Along this route, you’ll admire the original cobblestone path and explore the remains of the Venta de Cruces village. In addition to the history, you’ll enjoy the park’s natural beauty as you walk through dense forests and cross small streams.

Both routes offer the opportunity to immerse yourself in nature and discover the diversity of flora and fauna in Soberanía National Park while enjoying an exciting hiking experience. Remember to bring water, sunscreen, insect repellent, and suitable equipment to make the most of these hikes.


With over 500 bird species, the park is a prominent birdwatching destination, especially during the annual migration.

Nature Photography

Nature photographers will find a perfect setting in the park, with its varied fauna and flora, stunning landscapes, and unique lighting.

Educational Guided Tours

Educational guided tours provide the opportunity to learn about the park’s ecosystem, its history, and ongoing conservation efforts.

Conservation and Sustainability

Conservation is vital in Soberanía National Park. Discover the threats the park faces, current conservation strategies, and the crucial role of the community in protecting this natural paradise.

Threats to Park Conservation

The main threats to park conservation include climate change, deforestation, and illegal wildlife trafficking.

Current Conservation Strategies

Current strategies for park conservation include environmental education, promotion of sustainable tourism, and involvement of the local community.

The Role of the Community in Conservation

The local community plays an integral role in the park’s conservation. Their knowledge and connection to the land are essential for protecting and preserving the beauty of this place.

Practical Information for Visitors

Prepare for your visit with our recommendations on the best time to visit, what equipment to bring, and park regulations. Everything you need to enjoy an incredible experience while respecting this wonderful ecosystem.

Best Time to Visit

The park offers a unique experience throughout all seasons of the year, but for enjoying the diversity of birds, the dry season from December to April is the best time to visit. During this period, the weather tends to be drier and the temperatures are warm but not extreme. These months provide favorable conditions to explore and enjoy the park’s natural beauty.

Equipment and Attire Recommendations

For a comfortable and safe visit, it is recommended to wear lightweight, water-resistant clothing, bring binoculars for birdwatching, and carry drinking water.

Park Rules and Regulations

It is essential to respect the park’s rules to preserve its integrity. This includes not littering, not feeding the animals, and staying on designated trails.

The Cultural and Social Influence of Soberanía National Park

The Park is not only a natural conservation area but also a significant pillar for local communities and the economy. Discover its influence on Panamanian literature and art. With its stunning trails, lakes, and endemic birds, this park is a cornerstone for local communities and a catalyst for sustainable tourism that nourishes the local economy.

Local communities have a deep connection to Soberanía Park, using it for sustenance and recreation while actively participating in its conservation.

Photo Gallery