Climate and Best Time to Visit Ojców National Park

Discover the temperature, forecasts, and changes of the climate and the best season to visit Ojców National Park in Poland. From the colors of autumn to the freshness of spring, each season offers a unique experience in this fascinating natural environment.


Seasons in the park

The seasons in the Ojców National Park and its surroundings are characterized by a climatic peculiarity according to E. Romer’s regionalization. This area is located in the Central Highlands region, specifically in the Silesia-Cracow region, where there is a decrease in the intermediate seasons, known as the "grayness" of autumn and spring. In Ojców, this "grayness" lasts only 55 days a year, compared to 67 days in the Carpathians and up to 87 days in the Baltic.

Climate and Best Time to Visit Ojców National Park, Poland

The climate of Ojców National Park is distinctive, standing out for its uniqueness. Sun exposure on the slopes, influenced by topography and orientation, plays a crucial role in the formation of meso- and microclimatic conditions, as well as humidity and temperature.

Thermal conditions are closely linked to the terrain. The average annual temperature is 7.5°C on the plateaus, 6.6°C on the north-facing slopes, and 6.2°C at the valley bottom. In comparison, the average annual temperature in Cracow is 8°C.

In the Prądnik and Sąspowska valleys, there are significant contrasts in humidity and temperature. For example, while the temperature on the south-exposed rocks can reach 60°C at noon in summer, in the maple forest on the north slope it barely reaches 22°C. The temperature difference in these environments can be almost 40°C.

These thermal conditions also influence the duration of the thermal seasons. Winter, defined by average daily temperatures below 0°C, is two weeks shorter on the plateaus than in the valleys. On the other hand, summer, when average daily temperatures exceed 15°C, lasts twice as long on the plateaus compared to the valleys.


The average amount of rainfall also varies. The highest rainfall occurs on the north-facing slopes and on the plateaus, with figures between 824 and 830 mm, while it is lower at the valley bottom, where what is called the "rain shadow" forms. The Prądnik valley, more extensive and wider, receives an average of 773.7 mm of rain per year, while the Sąspowska valley, with a narrower bottom, receives only 748.7 mm. Throughout the year, there is more rain in summer than in winter. The summer months (June-August) contribute up to 40% of the annual precipitation. In recent years, there has been a slight decrease in the amount of rain, although climatic anomalies have occurred. In May 1996, in Sułoszowa, near Ojców National Park, there were two flash floods (on May 15 and 18) due to torrential rains. The waters flooded the fields in the Prądnik Valley and caused considerable material damage. In July 1997, the monthly rainfall in Ojców reached 258.7 mm, while normally in this month in the Ojców National Park region it does not exceed 100 mm. The number of days with snow varies on average from 50 to 107. Snow remains less time on the plateaus (Biały Kościół – 50 days, Smardzowice – 62 days), but longer in the Sąspowska valley (107 days).


On the plateaus, the prevailing winds are from the west. In the valley bottoms, the winds are milder and follow the course of the valley, while the smaller valleys and gorges are sheltered. There are notable periods of calm (in the months of September, November, and March), which facilitate the formation of thermal inversions. The valleys are characterized by high humidity and show similarities to higher mountain regions in this aspect.

The microclimate of the Prądnik Valley is somewhat milder than that of the Sąspowska Valley; in the former, temperatures are higher on the west-facing slopes than on the east-facing ones, and fewer thermal contrasts are observed. During rainy and cloudy weather, temperature differences are significantly reduced, and humidity differences blur.

In the Park area, Dr. Jan Klein identified up to 20 clearly distinct microclimatic units, which depend on factors such as vegetation (mainly forests), soil type, and topography, thus contributing to the remarkable diversity of the Park’s geographical environment.

Best Time to Visit

Ojców National Park can be visited year-round, though different times and months offer varied experiences.

If you enjoy mild temperatures and lush nature, spring (April-June) is ideal, as the landscapes are full of flowers and the weather is pleasant for hiking and outdoor activities.

Summer (June-August) is perfect for those who prefer warm weather and longer days. It’s the ideal season to explore the trails, have picnics, and enjoy panoramic views. However, keep in mind that there may be more visitors during this period.

Autumn (September-November) offers a unique spectacle of colors as the trees change hues. It is a quiet time to visit the park, with mild temperatures and fewer tourists. It is ideal for those seeking a more serene and contemplative experience.

Winter (December-February) transforms the landscape into a fairytale scene, especially when covered with snow. Although some trails may be closed, it is an opportunity to enjoy the park’s tranquility and engage in winter sports such as cross-country skiing. You can check the forecasts before your trip on

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