Morrocoy National Park

Among Venezuela’s natural treasures, the Morrocoy National Park stands out as a must-visit destination for nature and adventure enthusiasts. With its extraordinary biodiversity and dreamy landscapes, this park offers a unique experience of connecting with nature. This guide will take you through its crystal-clear cays, diverse wildlife, and the best activities to make the most of your visit.


Brief history of Morrocoy National Park

Morrocoy National Park was declared a protected area on May 26, 1974, to preserve its rich marine and terrestrial biodiversity. Since then, it has become one of the most beloved tourist destinations for Venezuelans and visitors from around the world.
Morrocoy National Park

This sanctuary of marine and terrestrial biodiversity spans an area of approximately 320.9 km², encompassing coasts, mangroves, keys, and white sand beaches. Smaller than the Canaima National Park, but one of the most cherished protected areas by Venezuelans and nature lovers.


Located in the state of Falcón, in northwestern Venezuela, the park is accessible by road from the country’s main cities. Entrance to the park is free, but some activities and services within the park may have an additional cost.

The nearby cities of Chichiriviche and Tucacas serve as gateways to Morrocoy National Park, providing road access from Venezuela’s major urban centers. Additionally, the geographical coordinates 10°51’22″N 68°18’22″W provide an accurate reference for those wishing to explore this paradisiacal corner.

How to Get There

To reach Morrocoy National Park from Caracas, you follow a route that combines highways and main roads. From Caracas, take the Regional del Centro Highway heading west, passing the Guacara distributor, approximately about 140 km. Then, take the variant via highway to Yagua, which leads to Puerto Cabello. Once in El Palito, access the Morón-Puerto Cabello highway towards Morón. At the Morón distributor, take the Morón-Tucacas highway and travel about 40 km until you reach the entrance to Morrocoy National Park.

From Barquisimeto, access to the park is also direct and straightforward. Just take the Cimarrón Andresote Highway, which ends at the Palma Sola roundabout. From there, follow the road that passes by the Petrochemical Plant of Morón from Pequiven, heading towards Tucacas.

Both routes offer a convenient and accessible way to reach the park from different parts of the country, allowing visitors to enjoy the natural wonders and spectacular beaches that this Venezuelan tourist destination offers.

Best Times to Visit

The best time to visit Morrocoy National Park is between December and April when the weather is drier, and conditions for outdoor activities are optimal.

Geography and Biodiversity

Landscape Description

Morrocoy National Park is characterized by its varied landscape, which includes white sandy beaches, cays, mangroves, and coral reefs. A true paradise for those seeking natural beauty and tranquility.

Cerro Chichiriviche

Cerro Chichiriviche emerges amidst the coastal environment of Morrocoy National Park, being the main orographic feature of the region with a height of 285 meters. This prominent relief contrasts with the mostly marine and coral landscape that characterizes the park since its geological formation belongs to the so-called Capadare – Agua Linda Formation, of Tertiary coral origin.
Cerro Chichiriviche, Venezuela
Despite its location in a predominantly coastal environment, Cerro Chichiriviche offers a unique and diverse landscape, away from the marine-coastal character that predominates in the area. Its elevation provides impressive panoramic views of the park and its surroundings, making it a popular destination for hiking and nature lovers.

Morrocoy National Park receives a large influx of tourists from all over the country, who come to enjoy the variety of beaches, engage in water activities, camp, and explore the different corners of the park. The preservation and order of the area are overseen by the National Parks Institute, which is responsible for maintaining the balance between ecosystem conservation and visitor satisfaction, thus ensuring that the park continues to be a naturally beautiful and protected destination for future generations.


The park’s biological diversity is impressive, with endemic and migratory species. Among them are flamingos, sea turtles, and a wide variety of fish and corals that inhabit its waters.
Wildlife of Morrocoy National Park
Morrocoy’s fauna enriches its ecosystems with a variety of bird species that populate this natural sanctuary. Among the animals that inhabit the protected area, the scarlet ibis stands out, an emblematic bird that finds its ideal habitat in the mangroves of Morrocoy Bay, especially on Pájaros Island, a cay covered with mangroves in the heart of the park.

With an estimated bird richness of approximately 266 species, Morrocoy National Park and the Cuare Wildlife Refuge, which share the same geographic area, host an impressive variety of birds. Among them are the osprey, flamingo, spoonbill, pelican, coot, crested guan, Amazon parrot, white-faced heron, and frigatebird, among others.

Regarding marine and terrestrial fauna, the park is home to numerous species. Among the marine reptiles, sea turtles stand out, including the green turtle, hawksbill turtle, loggerhead turtle, and leatherback turtle, all of which are considered endangered. Marine mammals such as dolphins and whales find refuge in these waters, while on land, species such as the red brocket deer, gray brocket deer, tamandua, crab-eating fox, howler monkey, sloth, opossum, agouti, and collared peccary, among others, complete the rich terrestrial ecosystem of the park.

The aquatic diversity is equally impressive, with a wide variety of fish including grouper, snapper, tarpon, bass, toadfish, dogfish, sardine, jack, mullet, and black pacu, as well as those that inhabit coral reefs. Mollusks and crustaceans also have their place in this ecosystem, with species such as mangrove oysters, sea hares, conches, lobsters, crabs, and fiddler crabs, among others.


Located in the tropical dry forest life zone, the park area adapts to a variety of geomorphological conditions, from the coastline to shallow seabeds. The vegetation that characterizes it is diverse and closely linked to the area’s topography.
Mangroves in Morrocoy National Park, Venezuela
In this ecosystem, a wide range of plants can be found, from evergreens like the olive to deciduous ones like the naked Indian. Adaptation to the environment is also evident in species like the glasswort, which thrives in high-salinity soils. In the eastern sector of Cerro Chichiriviche, especially in the Mayorquina area, xerophytic vegetation dominated by cacti, prickly pears, and cardones, which adapt to drought and aridity conditions, can be observed.

One of the most distinctive elements of Morrocoy’s vegetation is the mangroves, which constitute the dominant plant landscape in this protected area. Forming an ecologically fragile but crucial unit, mangroves such as red mangrove, black mangrove, white mangrove, and buttonwood mangrove occupy approximately 4500 hectares in total. These mangroves play a vital role in conserving the ecological balance of the coastline, offering protection against erosion and serving as a key habitat for a variety of marine species and coastal birds.

In the submarine marine environment, plant diversity continues, with a variety of algae including seagrass. The latter, in particular, is an essential food for green turtles, highlighting the interconnectedness between the different life forms in this unique ecosystem.

Marine and Terrestrial Ecosystems

The park’s ecosystems are an example of Venezuela’s rich biodiversity, providing a crucial habitat for many species. Mangroves, in particular, play an important role in protecting the coastline and nurturing many marine species.


Under the influence of a warm tropical climate, characterized by the presence of northeast trade winds, it is distinguished by low precipitation rates, contributing to a generally dry environment in the region.
Satellite View of Morrocoy National Park
Temperatures in the park tend to be relatively constant throughout the year, ranging between 27 and 35 °C on average. During the cooler season, lower temperatures may be recorded, falling between 23 and 26 °C. However, overall, the climate remains warm and pleasant throughout the year, making it a popular destination for visitors seeking temperate weather.

The rainiest period typically extends from August to December, with a peak in rainfall especially notable in the months of November and December. During this time, heavy rains and storms are common, which can influence outdoor activities and navigation in the park’s waters.

Main Attractions

Most Popular Cays

Cayo Sombrero in Venezuela
Among the most visited cays are Cayo Sombrero, Cayo Sal, and Cayo Peraza, each with its own unique characteristics, from calm and clear waters to rich marine life ideal for snorkeling.

Highlighted Beaches

Mero Beach and Punta Brava are just some of the beaches offering crystal-clear waters and white sands, perfect for sunbathing or enjoying water sports.

Wildlife as a Tourist Attraction

Birdwatching and sea turtle observation are activities that attract many visitors, offering unique moments of encounter with these species in their natural habitat.

Recreational Activities

Morrocoy National Park offers a wide range of tourist activities that allow visitors to immerse themselves in the natural beauty and biodiversity of the region. Among the main activities are:

Snorkeling and Diving

The park’s clear waters are ideal for snorkeling and diving, offering the opportunity to explore the vibrant underwater world and its coral reefs.

Boat and Kayak Tours

Exploring Morrocoy’s mangroves and cays by boat or kayak is an unforgettable experience. Visitors can rent boats or join guided tours to navigate the winding channels of the mangroves, observe coastal birds, and enjoy panoramic views of the coastal landscapes, allowing access to more remote and tranquil places.

Hiking and Nature Observation

For hiking enthusiasts, the park offers trails that traverse mangroves and forests, perfect for nature observation and photography.


Morrocoy’s beaches are true tropical paradises, each with its own charm and unique features. From the iconic Sombrero Beach to the tranquil Mero Beach, there are options for every taste. Visitors can enjoy the sun, sand, and sea, as well as engage in water sports such as snorkeling and diving to discover the rich marine life inhabiting the park’s crystal-clear waters.

Wildlife Watching

The park is home to a diversity of animal species, from exotic birds to sea turtles. Nature lovers can take guided tours to spot birds in the mangroves or visit areas where it is possible to observe sea turtles in their natural habitat.


The trails that cross the park offer the opportunity to explore terrestrial flora and fauna, as well as enjoy panoramic views of the coast and mangroves. Hiking in Cerro Chichiriviche is especially popular, providing the possibility to ascend to the summit to enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

Picnics and Camping

Many of Morrocoy National Park’s beaches and cays are ideal for picnics and camping under the stars. Visitors can spend the day enjoying the beach and nature, and then spend the night in designated campsites or camping areas, surrounded by the sound of waves and the sea breeze.

Local Culture and Traditions

Local Communities and Their Relationship with the Park

Local communities play an important role in park management and the provision of tourist services, contributing to the local economy and conservation of the area.

Local Festivals and Cultural Events

Local festivals and cultural events offer a unique opportunity to experience the rich culture of the region and its people, adding a deeper dimension to the park visit.