Grand Teton National Park

Nestled in the state of Wyoming, the Grand Teton National Park offers a unique experience, combining mighty landscapes, wild fauna, and thrilling adventures. With its towering peaks, tranquil lakes, and rich biodiversity, this park draws millions of visitors each year.

Grand Teton National Park Facts

Grand Teton National Park

History of the Park and Designation

The Grand Teton National Park was established after decades of conservation efforts. On February 26, 1929, the original park was created to protect the Teton Range and nearby lakes. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. acquired private lands in the valley and donated them to the government in 1949. Finally, in 1950, the original park, Jackson Hole National Monument, and Rockefeller’s lands were combined to form the current park, encompassing an area of 1255 km². Rockefeller also developed accommodations for visitors. As tourism grew, visitor centers were built in 1966. The park has become an iconic destination for nature and adventure enthusiasts.

Origin of the Name "Grand Teton"

Its name comes from the early French explorers who were impressed by the majestic peaks that resembled large breasts ("grand tetons" in French).

Geographical Location

Located in the northwest of Wyoming, United States, the park is easily accessible via US 191 and provides a stunning backdrop for the nearby cities of Jackson and Moose. It can be pinpointed using coordinates: 43°50′00″N 110°42′03″W. Visitors can arrive by car, plane, or even through the adjacent Yellowstone National Park.


The climate in Grand Teton Park and the Jackson Hole region offers a distinct contrast between summer and winter. In winter, heavy snowfalls and cold temperatures are experienced, with an average of 14 feet of snow in Moose. In summer, temperatures can reach up to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and the sun shines. As you ascend the mountains, temperatures drop by around 4 degrees Fahrenheit for every 1,000 feet of elevation.

During winter, snowfall begins in early November, and temperatures range between 2 and 28 degrees Fahrenheit. In spring, there are mild days and cool nights with the possibility of rain or snow. Summer months are warm, with an average daily temperature of 77 degrees Fahrenheit, although high-altitude hiking routes may remain snow-covered until late July. In autumn, days are shorter and there are both sunny days and occasional precipitation, with temperatures ranging from 23 to 54 degrees Fahrenheit.

To enjoy a comfortable trip in any season, wearing layered clothing is recommended.

Ecology and Biodiversity

The park hosts a diverse range of ecosystems, from snow-covered mountains to green valleys and alpine lakes. These varied habitats support a wealth of plants and animals, providing incredible wildlife viewing opportunities.

Geological Features

The Teton Range

The centerpiece of the park is the impressive Teton Range, stretching over 40 miles. Its sharp peaks, including the 13,770-foot Grand Teton peak, are a magnet for climbers and photographers alike.

Lakes and Rivers

The park also houses numerous lakes and rivers, including the picturesque Jenny Lake and the meandering Snake River. These bodies of water offer excellent opportunities for fishing, boating, and swimming.

Glaciers and Ice Formations

Glaciers have played a significant role in shaping the Grand Teton landscape. Today, visitors can explore the remnants of these glaciers, including the Teton Glacier and the Schoolroom Glacier, which are popular hiking destinations.

Flora and Fauna


The park is home to a rich variety of plants, from wildflowers that blanket the meadows in summer to sturdy pines and firs that cover the mountain slopes. The spectacle of colors during autumn is a particularly thrilling attraction for visitors.

Terrestrial Fauna

The Grand Teton National Park is renowned for its fauna, which includes moose, black and grizzly bears, wolves, coyotes, and a variety of other small mammals. Animal observation is a highly popular activity among visitors.


The park is also a haven for a diverse range of birds, from the majestic bald eagle to colorful woodpeckers and songbirds. Bird observation points are scattered throughout the park, providing excellent opportunities for ornithology enthusiasts.

Threatened and Endangered Species

The park serves as an important refuge for several threatened and endangered species, including the Canada lynx and the grizzly bear. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these animals and their habitat.

Activities and Attractions

Hiking and Excursions

With over 200 miles of trails, the Grand Teton National Park is a paradise for hiking enthusiasts. The trails vary in difficulty, offering something for everyone, from short walks to multi-day excursions.

Two popular trails are:

  1. Cascade Canyon Trail: This trail starts at the picturesque Jenny Lake and offers a stunning hike along the Cascade Canyon. Hikers can enjoy panoramic views of the Tetons, waterfalls, and beautiful alpine lakes. It’s a moderate to strenuous hike and can be done as a day hike or as part of a multi-day trek.
  2. Taggart Lake Trail: This trail is an easier option and perfect for those looking for a shorter hike. The Taggart Lake trail provides spectacular views of the Tetons and leads hikers to a beautiful alpine lake. It’s a round-trip hike of approximately 3.5 miles and is great for families and those seeking a scenic experience without significant difficulty.

These are just two examples of the numerous trails and routes available, each offering a unique experience and breathtaking views of this beautiful mountainous environment.

Fishing and Water Activities

The park’s lakes and rivers offer numerous opportunities for fishing, boating, and swimming. The park allows licensed fishing and provides boat tours and kayak rentals for visitors.

Wildlife Observation

Wildlife observation is one of the most popular activities in the park. Visitors can join guided tours or explore on their own, with the possibility of seeing everything from moose to bears and eagles.

Winter Activities

In winter, the park transforms into a wonderful winter landscape, offering cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, and sledding. The view of the park under the snow is truly spectacular.

Accommodation and Services

Camping and In-Park Lodging

The park offers a variety of lodging options, from campsites to cabins and more luxurious hotels. Many visitors choose camping to be close to pristine nature and to enjoy the complete park experience.

Park Services

The park is well-equipped with visitor centers, gift shops, and rental services for all kinds of adventure equipment. Sanitary facilities and picnic areas are also available for visitors.

Rules and Regulations

To ensure safety and park preservation, a set of rules and regulations has been established. These include restrictions on camping areas, guidelines for interacting with wildlife, and regulations on fishing and water activities.

Conservation and Sustainability

Current Conservation Efforts

Conservation is an essential part of the Grand Teton National Park’s mission. Several programs are underway to protect and restore the park’s ecosystems, preserve endangered species, and combat invasive species.

How Visitors Can Help

Visitors can play a significant role in park conservation. This can include respecting park rules, staying on designated trails, not feeding animals, and participating in volunteer programs.

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